About Jute


Jute, popularly known as ‘Golden Fibre’, is a vegetable fibre. Jute is a course natural fibre. Jute plants are usually 2.5 to 4 meters in height. Two most commonly cultivated species of Jute are Corchorus capsularis (white jute) and Corchorus Olitorious (tossa jute). The major components of the Jute Fibre are Ligenin (13-14%), Hemicellous (85-88%), Wax (0.4-0.7%), Ash (0.6 to 1%). Jute is highly hygroscopic and can absorb water upto five times its own dry weight. Jute is a very good insulator of heat and electricity.

The salient features of Jute are as follows:
● Jute has low pesticide and fertilizer needs.
● Jute fibre is 100% biodegradable and recyclable and is therefore environment friendly.
● It is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton, in terms of usage, global consumption, production, and availability.
● It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics. Therefore, jute is very suitable in agricultural commodity bulk packaging.
● It helps to make top quality industrial yarn, fabric, net, and sacks. It is one of the most versatile natural fibers that has been used in raw materials for packaging, textiles, non-textile, construction, and agricultural sectors. Bulking of yarn results in a reduced breaking tenacity and an increased breaking extensibility when blended as a ternary blend.
● Advantages of jute include good insulating and antistatic properties, as well as having low thermal conductivity and a moderate moisture regain. Other advantages of jute include acoustic insulating properties and manufacture with no skin irritations.
● Jute has the ability to be blended with other fibers, both synthetic and natural, and accepts cellulosic dye classes such as natural, basic, vat, sulphur and pigment dyes. Jute can be blended with Cotton, Polyester and Wool.

The Jute products have seen substantial increase in demand with increase in demand for natural fibre and products. Jute Sacking and Hessian Bags are mandatorily being used for packaging. Foodgrains and Vegetables stored in Jute bags for longer duration as compared to Poly bags. Jute traditionally being used for packaging has evolved as fibre being used in Fashion, Textile and Gifts.

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